Marital adjustment and bio-social actors as predictors of depression among perceived highly stressed couples in Ondo State, Nigeria
Keywords:Depression, biological factors, social factors, marital adjustment, stressed couples.
A continuous threat to the efficiency of human functioning, interaction and relationship due to depression serves as a rationale for this study, and it shows the need to gauge the influence of selected bio-social factors and marital adjustment on depression among perceived highly stressed couples in Ondo State, Nigeria. Adopting a correlational design, 175 highly stressed couples were selected using a multi-stage sampling technique (stratified, proportionate, purposive and random sampling techniques) and responded to standardised measures. Frequency and percentage were adopted to describe the bio-social factors of the respondents. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to test the inter-relationship among the variables, while a two-step hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses. The result revealed that gender, religion and educational qualification predicted depression among highly stressed couples. It was also indicated that depression decreases among highly stressed couples along with a significant increase in their marital adjustment. It was concluded that bio-social factors, such as gender, religion, educational qualification, and marital adjustment, were significant predictors of depression. And factors such as age, family type, and nature of employment had no significant relationship with depression among perceived highly stressed couples.
Abbas, J., Aqeel, M., Abbas, J., Shaher, B., Jaffar, A., Sundas, J., & Zhang, W. (2019). The moderating role of social support for marital adjustment, depression, anxiety, and stress: Evidence from Pakistani working and non-working women. Journal of Affective Disorders, 244, 231–238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.07.071
Aktas, B., Baysal, H. Y., & Yilmaz, M. (2018). Marital Adjustment of women living in two different provinces of Turkey and their attitudes towards violence against women. International archives of Nursing and Health Care, 4, 105. https://doi.org/10.23937/2469-5823/15100105
Apostolo, J. L. A., Figueiredo, M. H., Mendes, A. C., & Rodrigues, M. A. (2011). Depression, anxiety and stress in primary health care users. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 19(2), 348-353.
Bartolomucci, A., & Leopardi, R. (2009). Stress and depression: Preclinical research and clinical implications. PLoS ONE 4(1), e4265. https://doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004265
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Garbin, M. G. (1988). Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory: Twenty-five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 8, 77–100.
Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961). An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571.
Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure or perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 24(4), 385-396.
Dandona, A. (2013). A study on marital adjustment and depression of working and non-working married women. International Journal of Education, Development, Society and Technology, 1(1), 46-51.
Fawole, O. A., & Isiaq, A. A. (2017). Job stress and marital quality among married women bankers in Ilorin metropolis. Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology, 14(2), 104-110.
Hammen, C. L. (2015). Stress and depression: Old questions, new approaches. Current Opinion in Psychology, 4, 80-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2014.12.024
Hammond, I., Eastman, A., Leventhal, J., & Putnam-Hornstein, E. (2017). Maternal mental health disorders and reports to child protective services: a birth cohort study. International Journal of Environmental Research in Public Health, 14(11), 1320-1331. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111320
Hankin, B. L. (2015). Depression from childhood through adolescence: Risk mechanisms across multiple systems and levels of analysis. Current Opinion in Psychology, 4, 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.01.003
Hashmi, H. A., Khurshid, M., & Hassan, I. (2007). Marital adjustment, stress and depression among working and non-working married women. Internet Journal of Medical Update, 2(1), 19–26.
Khan, S., & Khan, R. A. (2017). Chronic stress leads to anxiety and depression. Ann Psychiatry Mental Health, 5(1), 1091-1094.
Kurebayashi, L. F. S., Prado, J. M., & Silva, M. J. P. (2012). Correlations between stress and anxiety levels in nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 2(3), 128-134. http://dx.doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v2n3p128
Manpreet, K., & Maheshwari, S. K. (2015). Depression, anxiety and stress among postgraduate nursing students. International Journal of Therapeutic Applications, 21, 12-18.
Ndubuisi, V. A., Ezugwu, E. C., Chigbu, C. O., Ekwuazi, K. E., & Onwuka, C. I. (2021) The impact of infertility on the sexual life of infertile women in Enugu, South East Nigeria. Niger Journal of Clinical Practice, 24, 1144-1149. https://10.4103/njcp.njcp_436_20
Nema, S. (2013). Effect of marital adjustment in middle aged adults. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(9), 1-6.
Obajimi, G. O., Esan, O., & Ogunkinle, B. N. (2019). Depression and anxiety disorders amongst a cohort of infertile women attending an in-vitro fertilisation clinic in south-western Nigeria. Medical Journal of Zambia, 46(3), 192-196.
Obuna, J. A., & Igwe, M. N. (2023) Psychological issues among women undergoing fertility treatment in a specialist fertility hospital, South East Nigeria. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 13, 681-692. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojog.2023.134057
Ojo, O., Oluwole, L. O., & Obadeji, A. (2017). A comparative study of depression among fertile and infertile women in a south-western Nigerian city. Medical Journal of Zambia, 44(2), 93-99.
Oladeji, S. A., & Olaolorun, A. D. (2018). Depression among infertile women in Ogbomoso land. South African Family Practice, 60(2), 41-45. https://10.1080/20786190.2017.1370840
Pal, R. (2017). Marital adjustment among working and non-working married women. International Journal of Home Science, 3(1), 384-386.
Papazisis, G., Nikolaou, P., Tsiga. E., Christoforou, T., & Sapountzi-Krepia, D. (2014). Religious and spiritual beliefs, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression among nursing students. Nursing and Health Science, 16(2), 232-238. https://doi.org/10.111/nhs.12093
Papazisis, G., Tsiga. E., Papanikolaou, N., Vlasiadis, I., & Sapountzi-Krepia, D. (2008). Psychological distress, anxiety and depression among nursing students in Greece. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 1(1), 42–46.
Parveen, N. (2009). Investigating occupational stress among married and unmarried working women in Hyderabad city. Bahria Journal of Prof. Psychol, 5, 21–37.
Peimanpak, F., Mansour L., Sadeghi, M., & Purebraham, T. (2013). The relationship of job stress with marital satisfaction and mental health in nurses of Tehran hospitals. Quarterly Journal of Career and Organizational Counseling, 4(13), 27-54.
Perera, F. P. (2017). Multiple threats to child health from fossil fuel combustion: impacts of air pollution and climate change. Environmental Health Perspectives, 125, 141-148. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP299
Pietromonaco, P. R., Overall, N. C., & Powers, S. I. (2021). Depressive symptoms, external stress, and marital adjustment: The buffering effect of partner’s responsive behaviour. Social Psychological and personality science, 13(1), 220-232. https://doi.org/10.1177/19485506211001687
Rao, S. L. (2017). Marital adjustment and depression among couples. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 4(2: 87), 34-42.
Ratanasiripong, P. (2012). Mental health of Muslim nursing students in Thailand. International Scholarly Research Network, 2012, 463471. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/463471
Rathnayake, S., & Ekanayaka, J. (2016). Depression, anxiety and stress among undergraduate nursing students in a public university in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 6(3), 1020-1032
Sinha, C. (2016). Adjustment of married women in relation to age and job status. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 6(1), 42-45.
Spanier, G. B. (1976). Measuring dyadic adjustment: New scales for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads. Journal of marriage and the family, 38, 15-28.
Srivastava, A. (2015). Marital adjustment among patients with depression. International Journal of Education and Psychological Research, 4(4), 21-25.
Whisman, M. A., Davila, J., & Goodman, S. H. (2011). Relationship adjustment, depression, and anxiety during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Journal of Family Psychology, 25(3), 375-383. https://10.1037/a0023790
Williams, K. (2003). Has the future of marriage arrived? A contemporary examination of gender, marriage, and psychological wellbeing. Journal of Health Soc. Behaviour, 44(4), 470-484.
Wu, S. Y., Li, H. Y., Wang, X. R., Yang, S. J., & Qiu, H. (2011). A comparison of the effect of work stress on burnout and quality of life between female nurses and female doctors. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, 66(4), 193-200. https://doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2010.539639
Yuksel, O., & Dag, I. (2105). The relationship between marital adjustment and psychological symptoms in women: The mediator roles of coping strategies and gender role attitudes. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry, 26(3), 1-7.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Oluyinka Olutola Olajire, Abayomi Olubanjo Olusa
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.