Minority Males and Graduate Education: Confronting Microaggressions in Counsellor Education Programs


  • Dr James Maiden University of the District of Columbia




Microaggressions, Minority Students, Graduate Education, Counselor Education Programs, Male students


Microaggressions are intentional or unintentional exchanges that communicate hostile, derogatory, negative slights and insults to people of colour. Microaggressions are prevalent on college campuses across the United States. This article explores the impact of microaggressions on minority male graduate students in counsellor education programs. The article further discusses how institutions and counsellor education programs must address racial stereotypes through cultural competency training and hiring diverse faculty and staff. A quantitative design was employed to understand minority males’ perceptions of microaggressions. The sample of the study consisted of (n=99) participants comprised of Asian (n=30), Hispanic (n=33), and Black (n=36) male degree recipients from counsellor education programs. The data were collected using the Racial and Ethnic Microaggressions Scale (REMS) while a one-way ANOVA was used to examine the impact of microaggressions. The study revealed a difference in perceived microaggressions between Asian, Hispanic, and Black students in counsellor education programs. 

Author Biography

Dr James Maiden, University of the District of Columbia

Assistant Professor,
Acting Associate Dean for CAUSES
University of The District of Columbia
Washington, DC 20002, USA


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How to Cite

Maiden, D. J. (2021). Minority Males and Graduate Education: Confronting Microaggressions in Counsellor Education Programs. Interdisciplinary Journal of Education Research, 3(1), 66-74. https://doi.org/10.51986/ijer-2021.vol3.01.07