Exploring Community Resilience towards Rebuilding Community Identity After the Portapique Mass Shooting in Canada

Authors

  • Megan Netzke Cape Breton University
  • Bettina Callary Cape Breton University
  • Leigh Potvin Lakehead University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.38140/ijrcs-2023.vol5.01

Keywords:

Healing, public shooting, autoethnography, posttraumatic stress, event organisation

Abstract

This research aims to explore the significance of citizen participation in rebuilding a sense of community identity and facilitating the communal healing process in the aftermath of the public shooting in Portapique, Nova Scotia. We approached this research using autoethnography and completed a thematic analysis of the first author’s journal entries written in the ten months following the public shooting. We generated two higher-order themes- posttraumatic stress responses and factors of resilience. These two themes provided the framework on which to organise the data. The findings indicate the significance citizen participation and event organisation have on a community’s ability to exhibit resilience and the detrimental effects that can occur when support is not community-led. Through the lens of participation in community organising (the Portapique Community Build-Up project), participation was the crucial link to building a sense of community identity. 

References

Ahmad, M., & Abu Talib, N. (2016). Analysis of Community Empowerment on Projects Sustainability: Moderating Role of Sense of Community. Social Indicators Research, 129(3), 1039-1056. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-014-0781-9

Aldrich, H., & Kallivayalil, D. (2016). Traumatic Grief After Homicide: Intersections of Individual and Community Loss. Illness, Crisis, and Loss, 24(1), 15-33. https://doi.org/10.1177/1054137315587630

Bardeen, Joseph R, Kumpula, Mandy J, & Orcutt, Holly K. (2013). Emotion regulation difficulties as a prospective predictor of posttraumatic stress symptoms following a mass shooting. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 27(2), 188-196. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.01.003

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Bridges, T., & Tober, T.L. (2022). Mass shootings and masculinity. Expert Report prepared for the Joint Federal/Provincial Commission into the April 2020 Nova Scotia Mass Casualty. Retrieved from https://masscasualtycommission.ca/,1-42.

Colistra, C., Bixler, R., & Schmalz, D. (2019). Exploring factors that contribute to relationship building in a community center. Journal of Leisure Research, 50(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.2018.1542527

Edmonds, R. (2019). A Gun Took My Child. Journal of the Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement, 10(1/2), 273-285. https://jarm.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/jarm/article/view/40569

Ellis, C., Adams, T.E., & Bochner, A. P. (2010). Autoethnography: An Overview. Forum, Qualitative Social Research, 12(1), https://doi.org/10.17169/fqs-12.1.1589

Hawdon, J., & Ryan, J. (2011). Social Relations that Generate and Sustain Solidarity after a Mass Tragedy. Social Forces, 89(4), 1363-1384. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/89.4.1363

Hirschberger, G. (2018). Collective Trauma and the Social Construction of Meaning. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1441. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01441

Iacoviello, B.M., & Charney, D.S. (2014). Psychosocial facets of resilience: implications for preventing posttrauma psychopathology, treating trauma survivors, and enhancing community resilience. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5(1), https://doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v5.23970

Kropf, N., & Jones, B. (2014). When Public Tragedies Happen: Community Practice Approaches in Grief, Loss, and Recovery. Journal of Community Practice, 22(3), 281-298. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705422.2014.929539

Lowe, S., & Galea, S. (2017). The Mental Health Consequences of Mass Shootings. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 18(1), 62-82. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838015591572

McMillan, E. (2021, June 3). Public inquiry calls for removal of ‘highly sensitive’ 911 calls from N.S. mass shooting. CBC News. www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/public-inquiry-calls-for-removal-of-highly-sensitive-911-calls-from-n-s-mass-shooting-1.6051925

O’Leary, N., & Fohring, S. (2018). Public–private tragedy: Stigma, victimisation and community identity. International Review of Victimology, 24(2), 165-181. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269758018757308

Waters, H.C., Davidson, S. (2018). “A unique little microcosm”: Exploring a self-sustaining community project which harnessed social action in a public space. Journal of Community Psychology, 46(8), 1045-1061. https://doi-org.ezproxy.cbu.ca/10.1002/jcop

Yoder, M. (2008). Helping in the Wake of Disaster: A Graduate Student’s Perspective in the Aftermath of the VT Tragedy. Traumatology, 14(1), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534765607309941

Published

2023-01-11

How to Cite

Netzke, M., Callary, B. ., & Potvin, L. (2023). Exploring Community Resilience towards Rebuilding Community Identity After the Portapique Mass Shooting in Canada . Interdisciplinary Journal of Rural and Community Studies, 5, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.38140/ijrcs-2023.vol5.01