Food Insecurity and its Correlates: Empirical Evidence from Fish Farming Households in Nigeria
Keywords:fish farmers, food insecurity, food security, Foster- Greer- Thorbecke model
Over the years, the Nigerian government and partner agencies have implemented several interventions to unlock the untapped food security potential of aquaculture. However, there still exists a dearth of knowledge on the effect of these programmes on household food security, particularly among fish farming households in Nigeria. Therefore, this study engaged the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke model and the Probit model to examine the food insecurity incidence and the drivers of food security among the fish farming households in Nigeria. The study engaged secondary data of 1,587 fish farmers from the 2018/19 Nigeria Living Standard Survey panel data. The food insecurity estimates show that about 52.49% of fish farmers are food secure. The result further shows that most food insecure households are males, married, have fish farming as a primary occupation, reside in a rural area and are from the Northern part of the country with no formal education. Empirical evidence reveals that education, household size, access to phone, occupation, sector and location of the household head are the major determinants of food security. The study concludes that educating the fish farmers and upgrading the rural facilities will increase the probability of food security among the fish farming households in Nigeria.
Adepoju, A., & Oyegoke, O. (2018). Correlates of food insecurity status of urban households in Ibadan Metropolis, Oyo state, Nigeria. International food research journal, 25(6), 2248-2254.
Adesina, M. A., Akin-Olagunju, O. A., & Salman, K. K. (2019). Comparative assessment of poverty measures. Recent evidence from Nigeria household data. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science. 3(10), 759–766.
Ahmed, A. O., Gbadebo, O. V., Iselobhor, F., & Tokede, A. M. (2021). An Appraisal of Nigeria’s Rural Development Programmes and Policies: Lessons Learnt and the way forward. FUTY Journal of the Environment, 15(1), 83-92.
Ajayi, C. O., & Olutumise, A. I. (2018). Determinants of food security and technical efficiency of cassava farmers in Ondo State Nigeria. International food and agribusiness management review. 21(7), 915- 928. https://doi.org/10.22434/IFAMR2016.0151
Akuffo, A. S., & Quagrainie, K. K. (2019). Assessment of household food security in fish farming communities in Ghana. Sustainability, 11(10), 2807. http://doi:10.3390/su11102807
Amao, J. O. (2009). Determinants of poverty among fish farming households in Osun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 2(2), 14-25.
Asige, M. L., & Omuse, O. D. (2022). Influence of Post-Harvest Technology on Food Security in Narok East sub-County, Kenya. Interdisciplinary Journal of Rural and Community Studies, 4, 1-15. http://doi.org/10.51986/ijrcs-2022.vol4.01
Bradley, B., Byrd, K. A., Atkins, M., Isa, S. I., Akintola, S. L., Fakoya, K. A., Ene-Obong, H., & Thilsted, S. H. (2020). Fish in food systems in Nigeria: A review. WorldFish Program Report. https://ideas.repec.org/b/wfi/wfbook/40859.html
Dercon, S., & Hoddinott, J. (2004). The Ethiopian rural household surveys: Introduction. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC Photocopy.
Ettah, I. O., Emmanuel, E.A., Ikutal, A., & Ubi, G.M. (2020). Determinants of poverty status among crop and fish farmers in Southern Nigeria. Journal of Animal research and review in Biology, 35 (3), 87-96. http://doi:10.9734/arrb/2020/v35i330203
FAO. (2018). Food and Agriculture Organization. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2018: Meeting the sustainable development goals. Rome.
FAO. (2020). Food and Agriculture Organization. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2020: Sustainability in action. Rome. https://doi.org/10.4060/ca9229en
FBNQuest Capital Research (2018). Aquaculture: Potential still largely untapped. Retrieved from www.fbnquest.com
Foster J., Greer, J., & Thorbecke, E. (2010). The Foster–Greer–Thorbecke (FGT) poverty measures: 25 years later. Journal of Economics Inequality, 8, 491–524. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10888-010-9136-1
Liverpool-Tasi, L.S.O., Sanou, A., & Reardon, T. (2018). Demand for imported-frozen versus domestic-traditionally processed fish in Africa: Panel data evidence from Nigeria. https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.270651
Mohammed, S.T., Ghide, A. A., Shettima, B. G., & Umoru, M. Y. (2014). Resource–use efficiency of male and female fish farmers in Maiduguri: A comparative analysis. Nigerian Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2(1), 6-14.
NBS, 2020. National Bureau of Statistics. Nigeria Living Standards Survey Report.
Ogunniyi, A. I., Omotoso, S. O., Salman, K. K., Omotayo, A. O., Olagunju, K. O., & Aremu, A. O. (2021). Socio-economic drivers of food security among rural households in Nigeria: Evidence from smallholder maize farmers. Journal of Social Indicators Research, 155(2), 583-599. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-020-02590-7
Ogwumike, F. O., & Akinnibosun, M. K. (2013). Determinants of poverty among farming households in Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(2), 365–373. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n2p365
Oladimeji, Y. U., Abdulsalam, Z., Mani, J. R. & Galadima, S. A. (2017). Profit efficiency of concrete and earthen pond systems in Kwara State, Nigeria: A path towards protein self-sufficiency in fish farming. Nigerian Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture, 5(2), 104-113.
Oladimeji, Y. U., Abubakar, A. Y. B., & Abdulsalam, Z. (2020). The impact of Shiroro dam project on productivity and livelihood diversification of rural fisherfolks in Niger State, Nigeria. Agricultural Socio-Economics Journal, 20(3), 191-200. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.agrise.2020.020.3.2
Olaoye, O. J., Ojebiyi, W.G., Duye, O. F., & Soyoye V. O. (2021). Socio-economic determinants of household food security among fish farmers in Odogbolu local government of Ogun state, Nigeria. Ife journal of Agriculture. 33(2), 15-25.
Oparinde, L. O. (2019). Fish output and food security under risk management strategies among women Aquaculture farmers in Ondo state, Nigeria. Agris on-line papers in Economics and informatics, 11(1), 93-105. https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.294149
Subasinghe, R. P., Siriwardena, S. N., Byrd, K. A., Chan, C., Dizyee, K., Shikuku, K. M., & Phillips, M. J. (2021). Nigeria fish futures. Aquaculture in Nigeria: Increasing income, diversifying diets and empowering women. Report of the scoping study. https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12348/4951
USDA. (2012). United States Department of Agriculture, U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module. United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service, USA. 32p.
Usman, Z. O., & Olagunju, K. O. (2019). Determinants of food security and technical efficiency among agricultural households in Nigeria. Journal of Economies, 7(103), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3390/economies7040103
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Sulaiman Adesina Yusuf, Abolupe Oluyemi Ayanboye, Khadijat Aderonke Azeez, Muhammed Adeola Adesina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The articles published by IJRCS are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence which permits non-commercial re-use of an open-access article, as long as the original author and source are properly attributed, and provided the article is not modified or altered.